FIRST RUBLE
- The original ruble of the Russian Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich in the catalog of V. I. Petrov (1900) is estimated at 300 rubles. Of course, the cost of extremely rare…

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European coins and medals (XVI-XXI century)
New time in numismatics begins in Europe around 1500 in the lands of the Habsburgs. In 1486, by order of the Archduke Sigismund (1439-1490), the Tyrolean guldengros was minted. It…

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Interesting facts about coins
Money constantly appears in our world. In any country, in any currency and in any form, be it paper or metallic money, but only thanks to them can we get…

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Coin collecting as a hobby
Modern collectors collect various items. Some collect stamps, others - coins, and there are those that are particularly original. Collecting coins is very popular, because everyone who has found or…

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exchange policies

Chinese Coins – 2000 Years of Coin History and Money

China is the most populous country in the world. Its population is 1 billion inhabitants, and the history goes back more than 2000 years. Scientists have found that money was used in China in the Neolithic era. Then, however, money, served as cowry shells (“primitive money”). Later, the means of payment were made of bronze in the form of objects of labor, for example, in the form of a knife (bu) or a shovel (dao).
It is believed that Emperor Qin Shi Huang (247-210 BC) in 211 BC introduced the first round coins with a square hole in the center (qian). Continue reading

Coins and medals of the colonial countries (XVI-XXI centuries)
While in some countries, for example, in China or Japan, money in the form of coins was used for a long time, most of the Asian, African and American continents…

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FALSIFICATION AND COINS
The whole history of numismatics is a kind of struggle with various fakes and other types of falsification. Even novelists, going from hands to hands of collectors, out of ignorance…

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