STARTING COLLECT ...
We are looking at the coin. Do not take her fingers for the image. Even beyond the very edge. There is always fat on the fingers that remains on the…

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Vintage German coins and medals
Coinage in the territory of the German state from the end of the Middle Ages (XV century) and until the introduction of the imperial state currency in 1871 is without…

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What is numismatics and who such numismatists
Since ancient times, people to collect something. Books, statues, paintings, vases, wardrobe items, tableware items, various postcards, stickers - collecting items brought joy and pleasure. But, besides purely aesthetic pleasure,…

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Cleaning of old coins

The purpose of this message is to acquaint interested readers with the most simple and safe methods of cleaning coins, which the author can recommend based on his many years of experience in the restoration of an archaeological metal at the State Hermitage Museum. Clearing coins is one of the crucial types of restoration, it is important for their study, dating, identification and storage. Ancient coins made of silver and copper alloys, found in treasures or in other archaeological excavations, most often enter the restoration workshop highly corroded, and sometimes completely mineralized. Under the action of water and salts, copper is destroyed in the soil to form green carbonates and chlorides, red cuprous oxide and black oxide. Continue reading

Ancient coins

1. Old coins of Russia – gold and silver coins of Prince Vladimir
These were the first coins minted in Kievan Rus at the end of the 10th century, then at the beginning of the 11th century, they were issued in small quantities and not for long, so they didn’t have much influence on monetary circulation but represent a peculiar group of cultural monuments of Ancient Russia.
Under Prince Vladimir Svyatoslavovich in 988, Christianity became the official religion in Russia. In the cities, the oldest of which were Kiev, Novgorod, Ladoga, Smolensk, Moore, crafts and trade with the southern and western Slavs, the peoples of other countries were actively developed. Continue reading

Celtic Coins (III-I century BC)

The name “Celts” was first mentioned by the Greek historian Herodotus (Greek “keltoi” means “brave”). At one time, the Celts were scattered throughout Northern Europe, although it was never a question of any kind of Celtic public education, but at most temporary alliances of individual tribes to achieve certain goals. Continue reading

The Great Migration of Nations (4th-6th centuries AD)
The prevailing idea that the hordes of barbarian peoples invaded the borders of the Roman Empire and thus caused its fall is outdated and no longer corresponds to the findings…

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Banknotes and paper money (VIII-XX century)
The history of paper money is just as exciting and varied as the history of metallic money. At the beginning of the history of paper money, there were two forms…

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Cleaning of old coins
The purpose of this message is to acquaint interested readers with the most simple and safe methods of cleaning coins, which the author can recommend based on his many years…

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