submitted for discussion
Many numismatists with a sense of satisfaction recall the old days, when doing coin collecting, they could buy coin albums in almost any store in the country, which over time filled with new and new copies. As for the present, it is quite difficult to buy really good coin albums. This is due to the fact that in stores more and more fakes appear that quickly deteriorate and tear. In general, coin collectors believe that the best albums for coins are albums in which at least two hundred coins are placed, since, firstly, it saves the problem of storing such albums, and secondly, it saves money that can be spent on same purchase of coins. In addition, the album should be of high quality, be durable and have a beautiful appearance, so that each time you use or view it, you should feel additional joy and spiritual satisfaction. Continue reading
The most popular electronic currency has once again puzzled its followers. Just a couple of days, the bitcoin rate again fell from 11,500 to 8,500 dollars. But such sharp jumps in value do not surprise anyone. Rather, they are the hallmark of all cryptocurrencies. Moreover, according to the former chief economist of the International Monetary Fund, Kenneth Rogoff, Bitcoin will not be able to withstand the pressure from the governments of large countries, and in the future its course will drop significantly. Continue reading
In 1273, King Rudolph I became the first representative of the Habsburg clan who ascended to the Roman-German throne. It began the reign of the Habsburg dynasty, which lasted until the reign of Charles I (1916-1918), the last emperor of Austria.
From 1438 until the fall of the empire in 1806, almost all German kings and Roman-German emperors came from the Hapsburg clan. Thanks to the skillful marriage policy, true to the motto “Motto Bella gerant alii, tu felix Austria nube” (“Let others wage wars – you, happy Austria, marry”), from the Middle Ages until the New Age, the Habsburg managed to create a network in Europe dynastic ties that, among other things, provided them with rule in regions such as Bohemia and Hungary, Spain and Portugal, as well as in Milan and parts of Lombardy. Continue reading