STARTING COLLECT …
We are looking at the coin. Do not take her fingers for the image. Even beyond the very edge. There is always fat on the fingers that remains on the coin. From this it rust, tarnish, covered with bloom. If you really need to take the coin with your hands, hold it with two fingers on the opposite sides of the herd. The herd is called the edge of the coin.
In the 18th century, signs on the edge, notches, and inscriptions appeared in Russia. Forging a coin has become much more difficult. There were more than 100 varieties of signs and inscriptions on the gurts of Russian coins. There are simple relief notches, and an indication that this is His Majesty’s ruble, that “a beard is an extra burden”.Carefully examine the edge of the coins. It happens that two coins are absolutely identical, and the edge is different. So these are two different coins. Feel free to put both in the collection. After all, it is the initials of the chief of the monetary redistribution? R. “on the edge, outwardly no different from each other fifty dollars, make one of these coins a great rarity. The obverse of the coin is called obverse. It made the main image. Usually these are portraits of kings, presidents, and so on with an explanatory note about the ownership of the coin to a particular state. On the face of the coin there can be coats of arms. So, on Soviet coins, the coats of arms are located on the obverse.
The reverse side of the coin is called a reverse.
In fact, there is no definite boundary between the front and the back side of the coin. Moreover, it is erased now, when hundreds and thousands of coin types were differently solved by engravers.
In any case, portrait coins have obverse from the image. The face of a coin that does not have an image can be judged by the name of the state or the coat of arms.
There are almost no coins without inscriptions. Titles of lords, sayings, state mottos, references to memorable dates – not a complete list of the inscriptions found on coins. The name of the coin inscriptions sounds very romantic – a legend. But monetary legends, unlike ordinary legends, tell about real events.
The sublime part framing the coin at the herd is called the edge.
Many coin collectors, especially beginners, collect a collection of coin types. The type of coins is a characteristic collection of legends, images, lines. If they are repeated in coins, despite the difference in years, the type of these coins is the same.
Of course, gathering is first and foremost a matter of taste. But one can hardly make a complete impression of the coins of the epoch, the time of transition of one type of coin to another, if not to collect them by year.
From antiquity came the concept of the monetary field. This place is edged at the edges with a special notch. It contains a legend, an image, etc. Currently, almost the entire surface of the coin is a coin field. But earlier, when the coin preparation was both wider and larger than the size of the stamp, the difference between the size of the coin and the field was obvious.
Each coin has or had its own dignity. The value of a coin is its specific value: for example, 1 ruble, 15 kopecks, money …
Coins were minted from various metals and even from substances that have no relation to the metal. Iron coins were circulated in Byzantium in the IV. BC e. in Laconia and … on the northeast front in 1916, where they were let out by the German command. When numismatic descriptions iron is denoted – Fr.
Lead coins can boast the owners of some Roman coins of the last times of the republic. Lead coins were also minted in the 2nd c. BC e. in Numidia and in China in the 9th – 10th centuries.
Lead is designated – Pl.
Tin coins were known in the XV century in Java, Sumatra and Borneo, as well as on the island of Sicily under the tyrant of Dionysius.
The designation of tin – Sn.
In the old days, nickel coins were not as common as they are now. BC, they could be found only in Bactria and then in the II century, but Prussia, Brazil, Egypt and many other states began minting nickel coins in the last century. In Russia, in the second half of the XIX century, an attempt was made to introduce nickel coins, but this idea failed.
Nickel is designated – Nic.
Platinum coins of 3, 6, 12 rubles were known in Russia from 1828 to 1845.
Platinum Designation – R.
Electron – an alloy of silver and gold, with a predominance of the latter. It is characteristic of the oldest Lydian and other Asia Minor coins.
Denoted by electron – El.
There are no coins of pure gold or silver. In this case, they would be too soft and quickly go out of circulation. In order to give strength to gold and silver coins, base metal was added to the noble metal. For example, since 1899, a gold coin was minted in Russia at the rate of 100 parts of copper and 900 parts of gold. Impurity of base metal.