Byzantine coins (ca. 500-1453)
The fall of the Roman Empire was in the late Middle Ages, at least in the east of Europe. After the death of Emperor Theodosius I in 395, the Roman…

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Russian coins and medals (XV-XX century)
The history of Russian coins is still relatively short. In its development, the monetary business of Russia did not directly rely on ancient or medieval designs, and yet in an…

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Coins and coin type of ancient Greece
The stamp imprint on the coins is the seal of the country or city that issued it. The drawings and inscriptions on the coins represent the most important concept of…

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The Great Migration of Nations (4th-6th centuries AD)

The prevailing idea that the hordes of barbarian peoples invaded the borders of the Roman Empire and thus caused its fall is outdated and no longer corresponds to the findings of modern historical science. First, a large number of Germans were in the (military) service of the Roman Empire even before the so-called. the migration of peoples, and, secondly, it is not a question of homogeneous ethnic tribes, but rather of mixed alliances concluded for specific purposes. These alliances and opposed the troops of the late ancient states.
In this regard, the concept of the Great Migration of Peoples, which has become part of the speech cycle since the 18th century, is increasingly being criticized by modern historians. From the point of view of numismatics, the era of the migration of peoples means all the chased coins of Germanic tribes (gentes), starting with the first “pseudo-imperial” copies of Roman coins and ending with their own “nationalized” coins of the German kingdoms (regna).
The first stage of the development of monetary business in the era of the migration of peoples was the so-called “pseudo-imperial” coins, “barbaric imitations”, which are more or less successful imitations of imperial gold and silver coins. By their style, you can determine in which tribe they were minted. Coins of copper (follis) and silver (silicium) were “nationalized” already from the end of the 5th century, which means that they were minted by decree of the German rulers. Coins of gold (solid and triense) were still Eastern Roman, Byzantine specimens. Only sometimes the image was supplemented with a small monogram of a local sovereign (for example, “GVB” – the monogram of the King of Burgundy Gundobald, 473-516). The King of the Franks Theodebert of Metz (534–548) was the first king to strike his own name on a coin and thus violate the Byzantine emperor’s monopoly on minting gold coins.
For collectors of coins of the Great Migration, such collectible areas as vandals (North Africa), Ostrogoths (Italy), Visigoths (France and Spain), Svets (Spain) and Lombards (Italy) are opened. However, it should be noted that to determine the origin and identify the coin is not always easy, it requires a good knowledge of special literature.
Relive the times of the invasion of the barbarians and the beginning of the European Middle Ages, represented in the images and inscriptions on the coins! Discover the Great Migration and delve into the fascinating literature on the coinage of this time.

Russian coins and medals (XV-XX century)
The history of Russian coins is still relatively short. In its development, the monetary business of Russia did not directly rely on ancient or medieval designs, and yet in an…

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Coins and coin type of ancient Greece
The stamp imprint on the coins is the seal of the country or city that issued it. The drawings and inscriptions on the coins represent the most important concept of…

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COIN NOT ON POCKET
This coin really can not afford neither in size nor in weight. She appeared in the reign of Catherine I. True, her institution was not original. In the first half…

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